(fire). Irish. A son of Ler. He is a Lord of fire, and may thus be
as a male aspect of the Brigit. He is one of the children of Ler
into a swan by a wicked stepmother, see Conn for fuller details.
(unique strength). Irish. Son of the Daghda. Associated with birds,
songbirds. An accomplished musician, He is considered a God of
and perfection of form.
(slaughtering). Welsh. A war-god, a male Aspect of the Irish Morrigan. He is
a later-period male counterpart to Agrona, of earlier British belief.
(utter darkness). Welsh. The ill-favored child of Ceridwen, whose name
means "Dark" or "Ugly", for whom the Potion of Knowledge is
Archetype reappears in the Arthurian cycle as a mortal warrior whose
ugliness prevents him from ever being struck at by an opponent,
fear that he might be the Devil.
(slaughtering). British. A warrior Goddess, seemingly a version of
Irish Morrigan, in that she is associated with rivers as well. Later this
archetype became masculinized among the Cymri as Aeron, which see,
I (pleasant, beautiful). Irish Third wife of Ler, the evil stepmother
Aedh, Conn, Fiachra, and Finnguala, who transforms them into talking swans
in a heat of jealous spite (she being childless). Her deed discovered,
herself is transformed into a vulture, and made to stay eternally in the
II (pleasant, beautiful). Irish Lover of Ilbrech, she is transformed
a crane by a jealous rival. In such form, and as a water-bird, she
a part of Manannan's Realm; when at length she dies, he makes of her remains
the fabulous Crane Bag, in which he stores his chief treasures.
(brightness, glow, splendour, glory). Irish. A Faery Goddess of love
desire, she is also the tutelary Goddess of Knockany, Munster. In that
name derives from the root for "fire", She may be considered as an
of the Brigit.
Gaulish. A Goddess known from inscriptions in the Moselle valley, near
Trier. Apparently recognized as a Consort to a divinity identified by
Romans as Mars.
( ... bear). Gaulish. An obscure continental Goddess known from inscriptions
in Berne and in the south of France. Apparently a Patroness of
Vocontii tribe, and perhaps a counterpart or Aspect of Artio. She may
have a connection with Andrasta (see immediately below).
British. A warrior Goddess of the Iceni tribe, who accepted
of hares and, perhaps, humans. She is perhaps best known as the
invoked by the Iceni warrior-queen
.Scottish The Scottish version of Aengus, and also a God of youthful vigour
and perfection of form. Much of His tale revolves around conflicts
Cailleach Bheur, who attempts to deny Him His consort, Bride.
Welsh. Lord of Annwn, the underworld and realm of departed spirits. He
makes a pact with Pwyll, to exchange places with him for one year, in
that Pwyll might defeat an enemy, King Hafgan. Though Arawn set no
upon the exchange, when the pact was successfully concluded and
had returned to his own heritage, Arawn discovered that Pwyll had
himself of his own accord the rights of a husband to Arawn's Lady.
Arawn swore an eternal vow of friendship and support toward Pwyll.
Gaulish. An Artemis/Diana-like figure, the tutelary Goddess of the
Forest region. She seems to be a particular protectress of wild
and is imaged as riding upon one at least once. Often conflated with
(one who stands before the assembly, lawgiver?). British. A Tutelary
God of northern Britannia during the Roman occupation.
(silverwheel). Welsh. The mother of Llew, the tale of how she
to be beguiled into granting him a name and arms is a mainstay of the
She is associated with Night, with the star Polaris, and her
is said to be the aurora borealis. As her name clearly implies, she may
well be a late version of a Moon-Goddess.
(she-bear). Gaulish. A Goddess of Bears, a protector and nurturer of
virtues. Closely associated with the Helvetican city of Berne. See
(raven) Irish. One of the three Valkyrie-aspects of the Morrigan.
(pig, sow). Irish. One of the triplicity of Goddesses who are
of all Ireland (for whom, see Eriu and Fotla). Her Name derives from
the same root as "sow", or "pig".
(white ...). Irish. Chief of the cats of Kilkenny.
(shining one, bright). British. Apparently an early version of
the Blessed, and clearly cognate with Beli. He was honoured by common
in the north of Britain during the Roman occupation.
(bright). Gaulish. The continental version of Beli, conflated by classical
authors with Apollo.
(bright). Welsh. Brother, or perhaps precursor, of Bran the Blessed,
reputed to be father of all the Gods in some cycles. Quite possibly a
deity in early times.
Welsh. The Cymric equivalent of Bran.
(flowerface). Welsh. A woman created by Math out of flowers (those of
Oak, Broom, and Meadowsweet) to be a wife to Llew Llaw Gyffes. The match
unfortunate as she encompassed his death through infatuation with
For this, she was cursed by Gwydion to perpetual abhorrence of
and transformed into an owl, a bird vilified and detested by all other
(she of the white cattle). Irish. Wife of Nechtain, and mother by the
of Aengus Og. She is associated with the river Boyne.
Dearg (Bodb the red). Irish. A daughter of the Daghda, and the tutelary God
over southern Connacht and part of Munster.
(victory). Irish/British. A female personification of Victory,
in a martial sense. A very appropriate personification of her is seen
in the historical Boadicca, Queen of the Iceni, who fought the Romans
standstill in the first century CE. Although she ultimately lost, this
Victoria resembles her namesake very strongly.
(raven, crow). Irish. A master of the Isle of Britain, he is a
associated with a cauldron of regeneration which would revive
slain while leaving them voiceless. His cauldron destroyed, and he
wounded in a war to rescue his sister Branwen, he instructed his
to decapitate him and, after many travels, bear the head to London
bury it, where it would become a defense and a protection to the whole Isle.
(white raven, white crow). Welsh. In the Mabinogion, She is a central
figure in being wed to the High King of Ireland and thereby
the doom of both the Irish and Britons, when her brother Bran
Ireland to rescue her from the degradation she experiences at the
of a vengeful Court.
( ? ) Scottish A very obscure figure, apparently a Divinity whose
is used in oaths and exclamations, often as an invoking force with
to hurl fortune (sometimes good, but more usually bad) toward another.
Scottish Consort of Angus, a Scottish variant on Brigit.
(exalted one). Irish and British. A triplicity of Goddesses
with Fire and smithcraft, with poetry, and with motherhood and
As an individual, she is a daughter of the Daghda. In pre-Roman
she was the tutelary Goddess of the Brigantes tribe, and like so
Celtic Goddesses, she has some riverine associations. She was conflated
Christian mythology as Saint Brigit.
Beara (crone of Beare). Irish. A giantess associated with
She holds in her apron huge boulders with which to add to
realms. She is a Tutelary to southwest Munster. She also appears
tales describing a knight being importuned by an old hag for love, acceptance
of which transforms her into a beautiful maiden.
Bheur (genteel crone) Scottish A giantess associated with Winter. She
is said to be blue in color, and a peculiarity of hers is that she emerges
on Samhain as a ancient hag, gradually ages in reverse, and
at Beltane as a young and beautiful maiden.
(... white). Welsh. A cauldron-Goddess associated with the brewing of a
potion of Knowledge which she created for the benefit of her child,
When the boy Gwion inadvertently tastes the brew instead, she
him in a transformation hunt which is a thinly glossed description
initiatory rebirth. See also, Taliesin.
(horned one). Gaulish. The horned God associated with the Wild
A lord of the natural world, of animal and vegetative strength. See
Gwynn and Herne.
(wolf ?, hound?). Irish. A son of Ler, and twin brother of Fiachra. He, his
twin, and two other siblings (Aedh and Finnguala) are transformed into
who can speak and sing by a jealous and spiteful stepmother, Aife.
spend many centuries in this form, and are eventually brought into the
of a Christian missionary, who binds them together with a silver
A Queen of Ireland hears of the remarkable birds and, coveting them,
to seize them. In the ensuing struggle, the chain breaks, and they become
pillars of dust, representing human bodies many centuries old.
(light, beautiful). Welsh. The favoured child of Ceridwen, sibling
(craftsman). Irish. One of a triplicity of Smithy-Gods. He is an
of worked metal, usually bronze, brass, or gold. The others are Goibhniu
Irish. An obscure figure, maidservant to Etain.
Cymeinfoll. Welsh. A War-Hag, said to give birth every six weeks to
fully armed warrior. Wife to Llasar, keeper of the Cauldron of regeneration.
Daghda (lord of skill). Irish. An important figure associated with a sacred
well, and water in general. Also a fertility God. Various names and
(Eochaid Ollathair, all-father; Ruadh Rofhessa, master of knowledge;
Deirgderc, redeye, the sun) of his seem to link him to horse-cults,
fire, and knowledge. He is the father of many of the others,
Brigit, Mider, Aengus, Oghma, and Bodb Dearg. Interestingly
he is often portrayed as a rather sly but bumptious rustic, one who
be fooled, defeated, or bargained with by plying some idiosyncrasy or
trait. His favoured weapon is a giant club, or maul.
Irish, Celtic, and general Aryan. A river Goddess whose name appears
the face of Europe, the tutelary deity of many nations and places
Don River, Danube River, Denmark, etc.). In the isles, she was the Mistress
of the Tuatha De Dannan, the race of divine and semi-divine
of Ireland before the coming of the Milesians.
(swift ...). Irish. God closely associated with healing and
of physical ills.
Welsh. The Cymric equivalent of Danu, which see, above. There seems to
been some conflation between Don and St. Anne within Mediaeval times.
(lord, master). Irish. A God of the underworld, and of the dead.
territorially with western Munster. The Romans recognized him as
aspect of their own Dis Pater. Expectedly enough from his attributes, He
silent and solitary figure, unusual enough among the often tumultuous
extroverted Irish divinities.
(unpeaceful). Welsh. Maternal half-brother to Bendigeidfran (Bran)
full brother to Nisien. Quarrelsome and a natural antagonist, he is said
able to cause strife between two brothers when they were most loving.
is that is responsible for the heinous insult to the Irish leading to
punishment; he it is that slays her son Gwern at the feast of
When the Irish begin using the Cauldron of Regeneration to
Bran's forces, he feels remorse and, pretending to be a slain
warrior, is cast alive into the Cauldron, breaking it and killing himself.
(horse-rider). Irish. A very early Aspect of the Daghda, A solar
associated with lightning. Usually spoken of as one-eyed, and often
to by an epithet of Daghda's, Deirgderc, redeye, the sun.
(divine horse). Gaulish. Female associated with sovereignty and rulership.
Aspect is as a horse, which are sacred to her.
Irish. One of the triplicity of Goddesses who are patronesses of all Ireland
(for whom, see Banbha and Fotla). She it was whose name was applied
Irish. Wife of Mider. By Eochaid, the mother of Liban. She has
with horses, and may be a later period aspect of an early sun goddess.
Irish. Sometimes confused with Etain, above. The daughter of Dioncecht and
the wife of Oghma; she is considered a Patroness of craftsmanship and
(tear; but also Fann, weak or helpless person). Irish. Wife of Manannan and a
lover of Cuchullain. Her name apparently derives from the same Aryan
that produces "Venus".
Irish. A son of Ler, and twin brother of Conn, which see for a
telling of their tale.
Irish A daughter of Ler, sister to Aedh, Conn, and Fiachra and,
them, a victim of Aife.
(... deer). Irish. A Celtic Artemis; a huntress figure associated
archery, the sanctity of forests and the wildlife therein, and the
Unlike Artemis, however, Her lustiness and sexual appetite is
(under-Earth). Irish. One of the triplicity of Goddesses who are
of All Ireland. The others are Banbha and Eriu.
(servant of ... ). Welsh. The brother of Gwydion, his doom is encompassed
by his uncontrolled lust for Goewin.
Welsh. The footmaiden of Math, and the object of Gilfaethwy's
(smith). Irish. A God of smithcraft, one of a trio (see also Credne
Luchta ). Aside from his craftsmanship, he is known as the provider of
Fled Goibnenn, a Sacred Feast. Associated, among other things, with
he is said to have formulated a draught of immortality; note
similarity with the Greco-Roman Hephaestus/Vulcan, a divine smith who
also a brewer. His name survives in Abergavenny (Goibhniu's River).
Welsh. The Cymric equivalent of Goibhniu. In Welsh sources his hall is
the Milky Way; he was a magician of high repute, and the tutor and mentor
ap Nudd. (Southern) Welsh. A Cthonic divinity, leader of the Wild Hunt,
in chase of the White Stag. Closely paralleling the Gaulish Cernunnos
British Herne, he also has affiliations with the northern Welsh Arawn.
Welsh. A lord in Annwyn, and a mortal enemy of Arawn, he may only be
if struck a single killing blow; to strike a mercy-blow to his mortally
wounded body would be to revive him again. This is accomplished by
when he comes to Arawn's aid, as related in the First Branch of the
Welsh. Another river Goddess, she is the tutelary of the River
Irish. A son of Manannan, he rules over a section of County
Irish. A God of the sea. Father of Bran, Fiachra, Aedh, Manannan, and
Irish. A water-spirit, the daughter of Eochaid, by Etain.
Llaes Gyfnewid. Welsh. The husband of Cymidei, and bearer of the Cauldron
later taken by Bran.
Llaw Gyffes (bright one of the steady hand). Welsh. The Cymric
of Lugh. In the Mabinogion, he is portrayed as a youth who
against a series of malign geases cast by his mother, Arianrhod,
is assisted by Gwydion. He is later severely injured out of circumstances
arising from his wife Blodeuedd's infidelity. In all of this he
displays a rather feckless naiveté, and does not appear as a pantheon
Welsh. The Cymric equivalent of Ler.
Irish. One of a triplicity of Smithy-Gods, his aspect is that of the wright,
a mechanic and artificer. The others are Credne and Goibhniu.
(mouse-lord). Irish. Chief of the mice of Kilkenny, slain by
(light, brightness). Irish. Considered the chief Lord of the Tuatha De
the Celtic Zeus. His archetype appears to derive from an early solar
and he has many epithets and sobriquets, among which: Lamhfhada,
referring to his skill with spear or sling; Samildanach, much-skilled,
having many talents; Ildanach, seer; and Maicnia, boy-warrior.
(field, plain). Irish. One of the three Valkyrie-aspects of the
(he of the [Irish] sea). Irish. A child of Ler, and the principal
his name seems to derive from an earlier form of the Isle of Man.
possesses among other things, the fabulous Crane-Bag, holder of all his
including Language. As with many Aryan Sea-Gods, he has a close
British. Lord of poetry and music; revered during the Roman occupation
Welsh. Uncle to Llew. Tutelary to Gwynedd, in North Wales. He is considered
the premier sage of Britain: old beyond reckoning, most skilled
Magick, and knowledgeable beyond measure. It was said that he could hear
spoken that was uttered in the presence of the slightest breeze;
wind would carry the words to him.
Welsh. Father to Math.
(son, youth). Welsh. The God associated with youthfulness, he is sometimes
conflated with Pryderi. His full name is "Mabon Ap Modron", which
means "Son, son of Mother".
Welsh. The Cymric equivalent to Manannan.
(central one). Irish. His Name derives from the root for "middle", and
judgment or negotiation. Among the Tuatha De Dannan, he is a
and known for his stinginess and misplaced pride.
(mother). Welsh, British, and Gaulish. Often conflated with the Roman
she is the Tutelary of the Marne in Gaul. In Britain, she appears
washerwoman, and thus there would seem to be a connection with the Morrigan.
Morrigan (great queen). Irish. A triplicity of Valkyries (see Badb,
and Nemain ), exalting in battle frenzy, chaos, and the gore of slaughter.
She/they have a particular role in being the Choosers of the Slain;
selecting, severing from the body, and guiding to the afterworld the
of fallen warriors. She has, however, many and diverse aspects and
She has been closely associated with water in general, and rivers
particular. She seems in this latter aspect to be a chooser of the slain
well, in that she is seen by those whose fate it is to die in an upcoming
as a crone, washing their clothing beside a river. See also Morgan le
for a late version.
(?, but cf. the Latin "Neptune"). Irish. Another water-spirit, He
associated with a sacred Well within which live the Salmon of Knowledge.
closely associated with the Daghda, and has been conflated with him.
(steerswoman). Gallo-Belgic. Primarily associated with protection of
travelers over the sea. Her known temple locations are always on the
and surviving inscriptions often praise her for successfully completed
voyages, or implore her for similar journeys to come. She is
associated with a large dog as a companion. She has occasionally
conflated with the Roman Goddess Fortuna. Note also the Anglo-Saxon
(frenzy). Irish. One of the three Valkyrie-aspects of the
(she of the sacred grove). Gaulish. A Continental Deity revered
Roman times; her name may be cognate with the Irish Valkyrie Nemain,
in fact the Romans seem to have regarded her as having some connection
(peaceful). Welsh. Maternal half-brother to Bendigeidfran (Bran) and full
brother to Efnisien. Well-favored, he was a natural diplomat of whom it
said that he could make a peace between two embattled armies at the
of their fury. He spent much of his time repairing the damage done by
Gaulish. A derivation from Nuada, and as such revered during Roman
name has the somewhat unenviable distinction of being borrowed by
Lovecraft to play a bit part in his famous Cthulhu Cycle.
(cloud maker or catcher). Irish. A warrior God, He was twice king over the
Tuatha De Dannan. He lost his office when his arm was severed in combat
the Fomorians; as Kings must be physical whole, he could not resume his
until Dioncecht fashioned a silver arm for him.
Welsh. Another form of Nuada.
Irish. A child of the Daghda, a warrior God who is closely connected
knowledge, magick, and eloquence. He is the inventor of Ogham script, the
variety of runes; and note well, he is said to have designed the letters
as a way of encoding knowledge--- they were not granted to him by
Gaulish. The continental equivalent of Oghma, portrayed as a bald old
man leading a contented group of followers by chains attached to their
(care, thought). Welsh. The son of Pwyll, whom he succeeds in his lands.
He is stolen away as a newborn infant by a nameless Fiend who, on a
expedition, drops him once more into the world when it is
a blow by the guardian of the horses. Note the equine connection with
(wisdom, prudence). Welsh. Lord of Arberth. Father of Pryderi, Husband of
Rhiannon, trusted associate of Arawn as related in the first book of the
Welsh. Wife of Pwyll, mother of Pryderi. Unjustly accused of destroying
Her newborn son (who had been kidnapped by a nameless Fiend; see
She is compelled to take on the role of a horse, until Her son is
returned to her. She is considered as an aspect of the Gaulish
and the Irish Morrigan.
(Shadowed) Irish/Scottish. "Lady of Shadows", or, "of the Shadowy Isle".
She is a warrior, with additional associations in smithcraft and
wisdom. She dwells in Albannach (Scotland), on (most tales agree)
Isle of Skye (Scaith), and is best known as the tutor of CuChulainn in
arts of both love and war.
Gaulish. Patron Goddess of the River Seine.
A woodland spirit associated with parks, villas, and fields, and
earlier date associated with the forest beyond the settlements, the
He is a Roman Deity, but so closely did He resonate with Celtic
that He is often combined with other Celtic Deities of similar
But note well one difference: to the Roman, the Forest was a
of fear, a nightmare land of chaos, and thus Silvanus had for them a
or darker side; to the Celt, however, the Forest was Home, and as
held no mystery or fear.
Irish. Patron Goddess of the River Shannon.
(divine star). Gaulish. A Continental divinity of healing and
Irish. Tutulary Goddess of the Telltown region of Ulster.
(radiant-brow). Welsh. A semi-mythical figure whose life has become
intertwined with the Divinities of the Celts. He apparently lived in
6th century CE, and was regarded as the premier bard, or poet of his or
other time. A book of his work exists, set down in the 13th century;
of the works within it are regarded as genuine. He figures in many
but chief among them is the story that he began as the boy Gwion, was
by the Cauldron-Crone Ceridwen to watch the vessel in which she brewed
Knowledge potion, inadvertently tasted it himself, was pursued by her in a chase
involving many shapeshifts, and was at length swallowed by Her, to be
nine months later as the Divine bard Taliesin.
(thunder). Welsh/Continental. A war god who may very well be the
of the image I describe as the God of the Wheel, below.
Irish. Son of Oghma and Etan, Husband to the Brigit.
(Spectral). Irish/Scottish. Daughter of Scathach and, like Her, a