Habitat : Native to the Mediterranean region, cultivated widely elsewhere.
Collection : The leaves may be gathered throughout the summer but are at their
best during flowering time.
Part Used : Leaves and twigs.
Constituents : o Volatile oil: composed of borneol, camphene, camphor, cineole,
limonene, linalool, isobutyl acetate, 3-octanone, terpineol, verbenol
o Flavonoids: apigenin, diosmetin, diosmin, genkwanin,
6-methoxygenkwanin, hispidulin, sinensetin, luteolin and derivatives
o Rosmarinic acid and other phenolic acids
o Diterpenes such as picrosalvin (= carnosol), carnosolic acid and
o Miscellaneous; rosmaricine, the triterpenes ursolic acid, oleanolic acid
Actions : Carminative,anti-spasmodic, anti-depressive, rubefacient,
Indications : Rosemary is a circulatory and nervine stimulant, which in addition
to the toning and calming effect on the digestion is used where psychological
tension is present. This may show for instance as flatulent dyspepsia, headache
or depression associated with debility. Externally it may be used to ease
muscular pain, sciatica and neuralgia. It acts as a stimulant to both the hair
follicles and circulation in the scalp and thus may be helpful in premature
baldness. The oil is most effective here.
Priest & Priest tell us that it is a diffuse stimulant and relaxing tonic with
special influence upon stomach and cerebrum. It soothes the nervous system and
is tonic to the vaso-motor function and peripheral circulation. It is a suitable
tonic for the elderly They give the following specific indications : atonic
conditions of the stomach; gastric headache; adolescent hypotonia, asthenia with
pallid complexion; circulatory weakness following stress or illness.
Combinations : For depression it may be used with Skullcap, Kola and Oats.
Preparations & Dosage : Infusion: pour a cup of boiling water onto l-2
teaspoonfuls of the dried herb and leave to infuse in a covered container for
l0-l5 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day. Tincture: take l-2ml of
the tincture three times a day.
The herbalist by David Hoffman, (c)1993 David Hoffman, Hopkins Technology